Forest Conservation Act Amendments

Thou Shall Not Steal Trees from the Next Generation

We are literally stealing trees from the next generation. This must stop. Sign the petition here. 

"Is it not enough for you to feed on the good pasture, but you must tread down with your feet the rest of your pasture? When you drink of clear water, must you foul the rest with your feet?" Ezekiel 34:18

Scroll to the bottom to see Actions You Can Take

When was the last time you spotted a child climbing a tree?


  • Maryland lost 14,488 acres of forest to development from 2009 to 2017 (according to the Maryland Department of Natural Resources), despite a state policy that says we should have "No Net Loss." 14,488 acres is roughly equal to 11,000 football fields!
  • The Forest Conservation Act has been on the books for 24 years, but needs strengthening because the law is not meeting its intended purpose to minimize forest destruction by development. 
  • Since 2013, the faith community has planted over 14,000 trees at their churches, synagogues, and temples. However, for every 1 acre of forest planted by the faith community, Maryland lost 40 acres to development.

Society cannot keep up with this pace of forest decimation. The Forest Conservation Act amendments will help protect priority forests for future generations. 

A Suite of 3 Bills

In 2019, Forest Conservation will be advanced through a suite of 3 separate bills. While this might feel wonky, it results from the past 2 years of work at the Statehouse, hearing what opposition stances are, and finding some middle ground. Purist environmentalists might not like the "suite of 3 bills approach", but we must find a way as society to work together and find middle ground, or else nothing advances at all. 

  1. Task Force Bill – Del. Healey (Senator pending)
    • Goal: To form a task force made up of broad stakeholders to clarify and confirm the data set that lawmakers should be working from.
    • This bill will also require the Task Force to make a recommendation to lawmakers, and once recommendations are made formally, lawmakers cannot ignore that
  2. Fee in Lieu Adjustments – Del. Lafferty, Sen. Young
    • Goal: Fix a broken system that is not resulting in acre for acre replanting
    • When development occurs, if it will remove forests, the developer is required to replant trees onsite or somewhere else in the county, and if they can’t, they can pay a fee to the county and the County will plant the trees. But the Chesapeake Bay Foundation, when trying to figure out why forests were being depleted, found that counties were not replanting trees, and in most cases the fee in lieu money was just sitting there, unused.
    • When fees are collected – sometimes the money collected is used to replant, but not at an acre for acre ratio. So if a developer pays a $10,000 fee for the removal of 20 acres of forest, the county might use that $10,000 fee but only able to replant 8 acres of forest. T
    • This bill will make the following adjustments to the fee in lieu program:
      • Require forest bank mitigation before fee-in-lieu, when banking is available
      • Require that there is an acre for acre replacement with the fee in lieu funds
      • Require that counties not accept fees if they have no plan for replanting - this would halt permit issuance until a replanting plan is in-place. If they cannot accept the fees, they will be required to go back to the developer and require the developer to come up with a replanting plan before the permit is issued.
  3. Redefine the definition of No Net Loss – Sen. Young (Delegate pending)
    • Goal: Establish a new definition of "No Net Loss" to inform future policies so that forested land is protected at the level it existed when the Act was first implemented in the 90s.
    • In the 90s when the Forest Conservation Act was first enacted, the goal to achieve no-net-loss was set at 40% tree canopy. However, it turns out that at that time, Maryland’s tree canopy was already at 50%. So if we shoot for 40%, we lose tree canopy. It was the "forest cover" that was at 40% when the Act was first passed in the 90s.
    • This bill will change the definition from “40% of the state covered in tree canopy” to “40% of the state covered in forest land” to reflect the actual forest coverage at the time the policy was enacted.

For additional background information, review this Value of Trees or this Fact Sheet

Actions You Can Take

  1. Sign the Petition here. Share the petition with your friends, family, and fellow congregants and encourage them to sign-on too. 
  2. Ask your Delegate or Senator to Co-Sponsor this legislation. Invite your neighbors to do the same.
    • Find your elected representative's mailing address by entering your address here:
    • Call your state representatives and tell them "The suite of 3 bills to protect forests in Maryland is important to me and I want you to co-sponsor this bill."
  3. Send in your own written letter to your elected representatives. 
  4. Call or Email your elected representative
  5. Join us on February 6th at the Senate Building, 11 Bladen Street, Annapolis, 4-6 pm. Send a message to state legislators that forest conservation matters!